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But a recently released study by the Stanford Law School shows that the conviction rate for crimes arising from the the 2002 riots is 15-times less than the national average for all riot-related charges:
“Estimates of the percentage of criminal cases registered in response to the 2002 communal violence that resulted in a criminal conviction of any sort range between 0.21% and 1.18%. Even at the high end of this range (1.18%), the percentages are well below levels for similar criminal prosecutions in Gujarat. Thus, for example, the conviction rate is 9.6% in cases involving riot related charges in general in Gujarat. This figure (9.6%) is based on both 2002 communal violence related and other riots in the aggregate that ended in 2012 (83 convictions out of a total 863 such cases completed in 2012). The figure for riot related cases ending in conviction across India as a whole is higher still — 18.5% (7,281 convictions out of a total 39,415 such cases completed in 2012).”
(From: When Justice Becomes the Victim: The Quest for Justice After the 2002 Violence in Gujarat. International Human Rights and Conflict Resolution Clinic, Stanford Law School, May 2014)
As a matter of fact, most 2002 convictions are themselves the result of the Supreme Court’s intervention in first transferring two high profile cases outside Gujarat and then in setting up an SIT to investigate the major cases, or in getting prosecutors and judges changed.
Read the PDF of the full Stanford report here.